The theatre building was erected in the 5th castle courtyard in 1680. In 1765 - 66, Prince Joseph Adam von Schwarzenberg had it rebuilt, probably based on the design by Andrea Altomonte. The carpenter work on the inside wooden constructions and stage technology was entrusted to Vavřinec Makh, and the Viennese artists Hans Wetschel and Leo Märkel painted the curtain, the stage decoration and decorated the theatre interior with wall paintings. The creators of the theatre of Český Krumlov, who became inspired by the work of the renowned set designer Giuseppe Galli-Bibiena, created an extraordinarily impressive stage in Český Krumlov, the magic atmosphere of which will fill even the spectators of today with enthusiasm.
The Baroque theatre has remained almost intact including the original technical equipment, decorations, theatre costumes, requisites, as well as the archives of the contemporary repertoire, until today, and it is thus unique in the world.
The Baroque theatre also includes a study depository of theatre decorations, costumes and technical equipment, gradually built in the premises of the „Renaissance House“ next to the theatre building.
Part of the sightseeing tour is the auditorium of the chateau’s theatre and of the stage technology under the stage, accessible to the public.